Odisha Primary Education Programme Authority

Odisha Primary Education Programme Authority (OPEPA) came in to existence as a registered society on
30th January 1996. The School & Mass Education(S & ME) department in the Government of Odisha has the responsibility to achieve the goals of Universal Elementary Education (UEE).
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Q. What type of teacher training is imparted under DPEP/SSA ?
The training programmes under DPEP/SSA are intended for inservice teachers.
The basic characteristics of these training programmes are:

  • Short duration (3 to 7 day) Programme
  • Participatory approach
  • Need-based
  • Performance appraisal

The only exception to this type is the induction training programme of 30-day duration for Education Volunteers and Shiksha Sahayakas (SSs). The 30-day programme for Shiksha Sahayakas is divided into three inseparable and integrated phases such as 15-day induction, 10-day hands on and 5-day consolidation.

Q. What is the programme for EVs and SSs after induction training ?
SSs and EVs will be exposed to general round teacher training programmes like
UNMESH-II, English and participation in monthly sharing-cum-training meetings on completion of induction training.
Q. What is participatory approach in conducting training programmes ?
In participatory approach, every participant is actively involved in all activites of the programme. Unlike the trainer-centred training, participatory approach is essentially participant-centred and the participating trainees practically shape every aspect of transaction in the programme like, leading discussion, group or individual activities, drawing conclusions and overall management of the programme. The participatory approach has distinct advantage over the traditional trainer-centred approach because,

  • It is interactive, i.e. based on needs and experiences of participants
  • It provides abundant scope for sharing valuable experiences and help in enriching and expanding experiences of participants.
  • It is contextual and hence more relevant for participants as it is need-based and is intended to enable participants to come out with various strategies for solving the immediate problems faced by them.
  • The views and experience of each trainee is respected.
  • The training modalities are chalked out in consultation with participants.

Q. How the training programmes are planned and conducted under DPEP/SSA ?
The planning and conduct of different training programmes are carried out by following procedures.

  • Need of the target groups assessed
  • Desired inputs decided basing on the need fulfilment analysis done by the State Resource Group.
  • Modules for the General Round training programmes prepared and tried out by the SRG for the State and DRG for the district.
  • Resource Groups constituted at district (DRG) and block(BRG) Levels trained who in turn train the teachers or the targeted participants following cascade approach.
  • Teleconference done to over come transmission loss.
  • The funds for the training programmes at the state level provided by the State Project Office and the same for the district and sub-district level provided by the respective District Project Office as per the approved unit cost.

The training programmes are extremely need based and the flexibility of DPEP enables the resource groups even at the block and cluster levels to plan and conduct short term training programmes to meet the immediate requirement of teachers.
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